Other Issues and Documents


Transitions serve as a bridge between ideas. They provide connections between words, sentences, and paragraphs. There are many examples of transitions in your textbook. Also, notice how professional writers use them to improve their style and to add emphasis. Below are a few examples of transitions (some of these words/phrases could be placed in more than one category). Add to these lists as you think of other transitions.

To give examples

To add information

To indicate time

To compare

To contrast

To sum up

To emphasize




 for example, for instance, to illustrate,

in particular, specifically, to be specific, as proof

 and, and then, also, in addition, moreover, furthermore, besides, too, plus, additionally, again, another


 at the same time, now, nowadays, up to now, presently, at present, today, so far, from then on, until then, in the past, in the future, formerly, later, later on, next, tomorrow, before, initially, meanwhile, to begin with, thus far, then, after, afterwards, earlier, at the outset, immediately, soon, in a few (minutes, hours, days, etc.), gradually, previously, first/second/third, etc.


 similarly, likewise, just like, just as, in the same way, in comparison


 or otherwise, in contrast, on the other

concede a point hand, instead, still, whereas, despite this, but, however, just the same, nevertheless, on the contrary, in spite of, yet, granted that, even though,

although, though


, restate, in conclusion, to conclude, to sum up,

clarify, or show in summary, to summarize, in brief, cause and effect truly, in other words, thus, so, hence, accordingly, clearly, in short, consequently, therefore, for that reason, obviously, as a consequence, that is, in effect, put simply, stated briefly, of course, in a way, last of all, finally, because, since, as a result, in closing, to reiterate, to repeat, as has been stated


 foremost, most important, especially, indeed, in fact, truly, surely, certainly,

as a matter of fact, above all, without a

doubt, most of all, to emphasize