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Introduction to Literature
Top 25 Literary Elements
allegory story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
alliteration the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
allusion An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
anachronism placing an event, person or item in a wrong historical period
anaphora repetition of same word or phrase in the begginng
-you are a fighter
you are a winner
you are amazing
antithesis A statement in which two opposing ideas are balanced, direct opposite, contrast
apostrophe a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction
assonance the repetition of vowel sounds
chiasmus a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed
euphemism A mild, indirect, or an okay term substituting for a harsh, blunt, or offensive term
hyperbole obvious exaggeration
inversion the reversal of the normal order of words- verb ahead of subject
irony the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens
Litotes a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite
metaphor a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as
metonymy substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it, rhetorical strategy of describing something indirectly by referring to things around it
onomatopoeia using words that imitate the sound they denote
oxymoron a figure of speech that combines two contradictory terms
paradox a statement that has self-contradiction
-war is peace
personification A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
pun a humorous play on words
-I would like to go to Holland someday. Wooden shoe?
rhetorical shift a change in tone or attitude; key words include "but," "however," "even though," "although," "yet"
simile comparison using like or as
synecdoche using a part of something to represent the whole thing
understatement the deliberate representation of something as lesser in magnitude than it actually is
a great place for you to tell a story and let your users know a little more about you.